Since the dawn of human civilization, we have been domesticating dogs. Some believe that our remote ancestors started domesticating dogs, as dogs used to help then in hunting. However, there is no proof to back this opinion. No other animal can communicate with us, the way a dog can. Your loved ones might betray you. However, a pet dog will never go against its master. If you ever come late from work, your family members might have gone to sleep but you will find your pet dog waiting for you at the entrance. The moment it comes to realize that you are back, it will start celebrating by barking and wagging its tail. Moreover, it will always do whatever it can, to protect you from any danger. Needless to say, that owning a dog has many benefits. However, you might find yourself in a state of a quandary about choosing a dog breed. Read on to get more insights about how to choose a dog breed?
Before we start off the discussion about choosing the breed of dog, we need to have a bird’s eye view about the different breed of dogs available out there. The scientific name of dog is  Canis lupus familiaris , and it encompasses all breeds of dogs, right from Chihuahua (which weighs about 4kgs)  to Great Dane( which can weigh up to 90 kgs). Throughout the ages, dogs have bred within their breed and  have been made to mate with different breeds as well. As a result, we have various breeds or rather hybrids of dogs available now. This process of mixing different breeds of dogs is going on even today. “How many breeds of dogs are there?” it is still a matter of debate, as experts in this field are at a disagreement over the number. The estimation by “Word Canine Organization” or “Fédération Cynologique Internationale” is respected throughout the world. They recognize a total of 399 different breeds of dogs, which can be categorized in 10 broad groups. These ten groups are Sheepdogs, Molossoid Breeds, Terriers, Dachshunds, Spitz, Scenthounds, Pointers, Retrievers, Toy Dogs and Sighthounds.  All these groups are further sub-divided in various groups. Many breeds have been associated with various countries. However, that does not in any way imply that those breeds of dogs originated in those countries.  The association of a dog breed with any nation is done based on people from which nation first recognized and registered that particular breed. As results more dogs breed are associated with England, France, and Germany than all other countries put together. Many a times a fancy name has been given to a breed of dog, with which it has no relation. For instance, the Pharaoh’s Hound is in no way related to Egypt, but was registered in Malta. Similarly, Australian Shepherd was created in US, not in Australia.

How To Choose A Dog Breed Or The Right Dog?

Based on the purpose for which certain breeds of dogs can be categorized into many, some of which are as follows:

1. Lap Dogs

How To Choose A Dog Breed

You should go for a lap dog if you want a dog as a companion. It should be small in size and of docile nature, which you can cuddle. These dogs not only gives you company but can alert you against danger as well. They might be small in stature but have the heart and courage of huge hunting dogs. One of the most preferred lap dogs is Cocker Spaniel as they look really cute and enjoy playing games. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel got its name from King Charles, who was very much fond of these small dogs. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was the most preferred lap dogs for Western elites for centuries. Havanese is another lap dog breed, which is known to crave its owner’s attention all the time. The can get along very well with children and other pets in the household. Maltese is a cuddly breed covered in a white coat and with black eyes. They are playful and can adjust to any situation. Toy Poodle is another breed of dogs that are very favorite amongst children. They are a little skittish and can learn new tricks very fast. Shih Tzu is a breed of dog that has its origin in East Asia and were preferred choice of the Chinese royalty. Bichon Frise are known for their puffy while coat and have been the lap dogs fro Italian Nobles for centuries. Papillon was another favorite lap dog for European Royalty.  There are many other breeds of lap dogs out there, some of which are Biewer,Bolognese, Cavachon, Chacy Ranior, Chi-Poo,Chihuahua, Cockapoo, Mi-Ki,Pekepoo, Pekingese, Pocket Beagle, Pug, Pomerarian,Shichon, Shih Tzu, Whippet, Schnoodle and many more.

2. Watch dogs

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One of the main reason, as to why you might think of owning a dog is the safety and protection of your house. Dogs can protect your house household against unwanted people and animals. Every dog has a tendency to protect t the house they live in. However, there is some breed that are known posses some inherent qualities needed to ward off intruders. To do this, the dog has to be physically very strong, courageous and should have high resistance to pain. Rottweiler is by far the most widely preferred breed to work as a watchdog. Rottweilers are highly energetic and intelligent as well; they work as relentless guard for your house. At the same time, they are quick learners and very loyal. Many would suggest Bullmastiff, as they are strong enough to knock down any intruder and can be very ferocious as well. However, Bullmastiffs are very docile in the home environment and can learn new instructions quickly. In case you have a large property, you can opt for Doberman Pinscher as they are a fast runner and extremely courageous. They are very intelligent and can easily smell and chase down any intruder. Giant Schnauzer is a very strong and intimidating breed and makes a very good watchdog.  Some other breeds which are recommended as watch dogs are Komondor, Puli, German Shepherd, Rhodesian Ridgeback, Kuvasz, Staffordshire Terrier, Chow Chow, Belgian Malinois, Black Russian Terrier, Great Pyrenees, Neapolitan Mastiff, Cane Corso, Tibetan Mastiff, Dogue de Bordeaux etc.

3. Sporting dogs

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These days dog sports have become very common these days. Sporting dogs have to be active, intelligent and intelligent. They must have high energy level and should be quick learners. Dogs sport include running, fetch, swimming and many others. They must have thick coats that are water repellant and can protect them against bruises. Sporting dogs have to be very loyal and less aggressive, so that they can be trained easily. Labrador Retriever and Golden Retriever top the chart, when it come s to the most preferred sporting dog. American water Spaniel is considered to  be ideal  for sports.  Spinone Italiano is a large sporting dog breed that is known for its docile nature and are highly trainable. You have many another breed of dogs that are believed to be very good for sports. Some of those are American water Spaniel, Barbet, Boykin Spaniel, Bracco Italiano, Brittany, Clumber spaniel, cocker Spaniel, Curly-coated Retriever, English Springer Spaniel, English Setter, Finnish Spitz, Field Spaniel, Gordon Setter, Irish Setter, Irish Water Spaniel, Vizsla, Sussex Spaniel, Weimaraner, Tolling Retriever etc.

4. Hunting dogs

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We have used dogs as a hunting partner for over millennial. Dogs can let us know, where the prey is hiding by virtue of its extra-ordinary sense of smell and hearing.  They can also chase the animal and make it easier to hunt it down. These days  hunter dogs are used mainly for hunting ducks, birds, hares, and foxes. Therefore, a hunting dog must have physical agility, stamina, and very high energy level.  Labrador Retriever and American Foxhound are considered ideal for run ting as they can run very fast and retrieve your kill as soon as possible. Some other breeds that are known for their hunting skills are Beagle, Pointer, Bloodhound, Golden Retriever, Chesapeake Bay Retriever, Weimaraner, Coonhound and  Irish Setter.

5. Working dogs

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These breeds of dog were developed for the specific purpose of carrying out certain duties, for instance, they can be made to pull carts or sleds, keeping an eye on the property, etc. These dogs are sturdy, energetic and are covered with thick coats to survive in extreme climates. Most popular amongst working dogs are Alaskan Malamute, which pull the sleds in winter. Some other breed of working dogs are Akita Inu, Anatolian Shepherd Dog, Black Russian Terrier,Bernese Mountain Dog, Boxer, Cane Corso, Chinese Sharpie, Chinook, Chow Chow, Doberman Pinscher, German Pinscher, Great Dane, Kuvasz,Komondor, Mastiff, Leonberger, Portuguese Water Dog, Siberian Huskey, Tibetian Mastiff etc.

6. Service dogs

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Dogs are amazing animals and capable of performing many tasks that most of us are not aware of.  If you are interested in having a dog that can be specially trained to search and rescue animals and human being, you can opt for Bloodhound as they have very strong sense of smell. Other breeds that are used for the same purpose are Border Coolie, German Shepherd, and Labrador Retriever. In case of natural disasters, these dogs come in very handy in locating people who are trapped inside the debris. Some dogs are trained to assist in fire fighting and the most preferred breed for this purpose is Dalmatian.  All we know about the police dogs, who not only smell and help find the criminals but chase and catch them as well. The breeds that you can find in the police department are German Shepherd, Belgian Malinois, Bloodhound, Rottweiler, etc. For people who are vision impaired, having a dog is immensely helpful. Dogs can show them the way and alert them about any danger. Golden Retriever, Labrador Retriever, and German Shepherd are the most preferred breeds for this purpose. Golden Retriever and Labrador Retriever are also are known for providing physical assistance to its owner.

7. Alert Dogs

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Animals are blessed with certain senses that are beyond our understanding.  Many animals have the ability to sense impending disaster and can alert human beings about the same. For example, ants can be seen moving their eggs and food stocks to a safer location, just before it starts to rain. A few years back when the Tsunami hit the Andaman and Nicobar islands of the Indian Ocean, the street dogs and other animals were seen to move to the mountain top in order to save themselves. However, we human beings had no knowledge of it and had to face the wrath of nature. Not much work has been done in this field, and we are not sure as to how dogs sense impending disasters! Dogs can sense if the owner or other family members are going have a heart attack, stroke, and seizure attack.  It might not make sense to you, but it is exactly true. These days dogs are being trained to alert the master in case it can sense anything like that. The breed of dogs that are considered best for this are Setter, Border Collie, German Shepherd and Golden Retriever.

While choosing a breed of dog, many aspects are to be taken into consideration. Firstly, what is the purpose, for which you are considering having a dog? Most dog owners keep a dog, simple because they love dogs and want a companion. However, many want their dogs to carry out specific purposes. Some want their dogs to act as a guard in their house, while some want to train their dogs to carry out certain chores. In the police department, they train their dogs to chase and find out criminals using their strong ability to smell and hear. Those, who take an interest in dog-shows, opt for dogs that can be trained to appear in dog shows. Moreover, the cost of maintaining a dog also comes into the picture.  You have to invest good amount money if you want to go for a Great Dane or Hound. Apart from that, the cost medicines and immunizations have to be kept in mind as well. In case you want to train your dog, you should be able to devote enough time  for that purpose. You might have to hire a dog trainer also. Therefore, you have to reconsider all these factors before choosing a particular breed of dog.